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企业资讯 网站怎么挣钱最快 >> 企业资讯 >> 绿色柑橘视觉检测

绿色柑橘视觉检测
发表时间:2018-11-22

GUOSHUCAIZHAISHINONGYESHENGCHANZHONGLAODONGQIANGDUDA、JIJIEXINGQIANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOHUANJIE,MUQIANGUONEIGUOSHUCAIZHAIZUOYEJIBENYIKAORENGONGWANCHENG,QIZIDONGHUACHENGDURENGRANHENDI。JIQISHIJUEJISHUNENGSHIXIANCAIZHAIJIQIRENDUIMUBIAODEJINGQUEDINGWEI,YINCIKAIFAJUYOUSHIJUEGONGNENGDEGUOSHUCAIZHAIJIQIREN,DUITIGAONONGYESHENGCHANLIYOUJIAODADEYINGYONGJIAZHIYUJIAOQIANGDEXIANSHIYIYI。

GUONEIWAIZAISHUIGUOJIANCEFANGMIANDEYANJIUQUDELEYIDINGDEJINZHAN,DANYANJIUDUIXIANGZHUYAOPIANXIANGYUYUBEIJINGYANSECHAYIMINGXIANDESHUIGUO,ERDUIWEICHENGSHUHUOZHECHENGSHUHOUWEILVSEDESHUIGUOJIANCEDEXIANGGUANYANJIUXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,ZHEISHIYOUYULVSESHUIGUOGUOSHIYUYEZIYANSEHENXIANGJIN,SHIBIENANDUJIAODA,SHIBIEZHUNQUELVJIAODI。

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怎么挣钱最快SHENDUXUEXIZUOWEIYIZHONGTEZHENGXUEXIFANGFA,QITONGGUODUIYANGBENDEXUEXI,KEYIDEDAOJIAOHAODESHIBIEMOXING,RUZHAOYUANSHENDENGLIYONGJIEHEHaar-likeTEZHENGHEAdaBoostDUIFANQIEJINXINGSHIBIE,QIDUICESHIJIZHONGCHENGSHUFANQIEDESHIBIECHENGGONGLVDA93.3%;GAOZHENYUDENGTONGGUOJUANJISHENJINGWANGLUODUICHAYEJINXINGFENXUAN,QIDUIGELEICHAYEDESHIBIEZHUNQUELVDOUBUDIYU90%,PINGJUNSHIBIEZHUNQUELVWEI92.4%。

FasterRCNNSHIJIR-CNNHEFastR-CNNHOURENDENGTICHUDEZUIXINDEMUBIAOJIANCEFANGFA,QIJUYOUJIAOKUAIDEJIANCESUDU,TONGSHIYEJUYOUJIAOGAODESHIBIEZHUNQUELVHEFANHUAXINGNENG。SANGJUNDENGJIANGFasterRCNNYONGYUDAOLUJIANKONGCHELIANGDECHEXINGSHIBIE,CHEXINGSHIBIELVDA91.3%;JIANGDENGJIANGFasterRCNNYINGYONGYURENLIANSHIBIE,DEDAOJIAOHAODESHIBIEJIEGUO。

怎么挣钱最快BENWENJIYUSHENDUXUEXIFANGFADESHIBIEMOXINGZHUNQUEDUGAO、YUNSUANSUDUKUAIDETEDIAN,YILVSEGANJUWEIZHUYAOYANJIUDUIXIANG,LIYONGFasterRCNNFANGFAJINXINGBUTONGGUANGZHAOHEBUTONGCHICUNDELVSEGANJUSHIBIE,KAOLVZIRANHUANJINGDEDUOZHONGQINGKUANG,SHAIXUANDEXUNLIANYANGBENBAOHANBUTONGCHICUNHEBUTONGGUANGZHAOJIAODUDELVSEGANJUTUXIANG,SHEJIYIZHONGZIRANHUANJINGXIASHUSHANGLVSEGANJUDESHIJUEJIANCEFANGFA,WEINONGYESHENGCHANZHONGLVSESHUIGUODESHIJUEJIANCEYANJIUTIGONGJISHUZHICHI。

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怎么挣钱最快LVSEGANJUDEGUOSHIYUYEZIYANSEFEICHANGXIANGJIN,ZAIBUTONGGUANGZHAOJIAODUXIAYANSETEZHENGHUIFASHENGGAIBIAN,HENNANGENJUQIYANSETEZHENGJINXINGSHIBIE。BENWENDUIZIRANHUANJINGXIACAIJIDELVSEGANJU64NONGYEJIXIEXUEBAO2018NIANTUXIANGJINXINGYANSETEZHENGFENXI,TU1WEISHUNGUANGTIAOJIANXIALVSEGANJUTUXIANGDE12GEYANSEFENLIANGTUXIANG。ZAI12GEYANSEFENLIANGZHONG,ZHENGCHANGGUANGZHAOHUANJINGXIAHFENLIANGHECbFENLIANGDETUXIANGZHONGGUOSHIHEBEIJINGJUYOUJIAODADEDUIBIDU,KEYIXUANZEZHEI2GEFENLIANGJINYIBUFENXIBUTONGGUANGZHAOJIAODUXIADEGANJUTUXIANG。

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怎么挣钱最快ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZIRANHUANJINGXIALVSEGANJUYUYEZIYANSEXIANGJIN,QIYANSETEZHENGZAIBUTONGDEGUANGZHAOJIAODUXIAYEBUTONG,LIYONGCHUANTONGFENGESUANFAHENNANDADAOJIAOHAODESHIBIEXIAOGUO。YINCIBENWENCAIYONGJIQIXUEXIDEFANGFADUIZIRANHUANJINGXIALVSEGANJUJINXINGSHIBIE,YOUYUZIRANHUANJINGXIACAIJIGANJUTUXIANGHUICUNZAIBUTONGGUANGZHAOJIAODU、BUTONGPAISHEJULI、GANJUZISHENDAXIAOBUTONG、GUOSHIZHEDANGZHANLIANDENGQINGKUANG,CAIJIDETUXIANGBENSHENJUYOUBIJIAOFUZADEJIEGOU。WEILESHIYONGBUTONGDEQINGKUANG,TIGAOFasterRCNNWANGLUOMOXINGDEFANHUAXINGNENG,ZAISHUJUSHAIXUANJIEDUAN,TONGGUOXUANZEBUTONGLEIXINGDEXUNLIANYANGBENLAIBIJINTUXIANGYANGBENDEZHENSHIFENBU,SHITUXIANGSHUJUJUYOUYIXIADUOYANGXINGTEZHENG:SHOUXIANSHIGUANGZHAOJIAODUDUOYANGXING,RUCEGUANG、SHUNGUANGHENIGUANG;QICISHIMIANJICHIDUDEDUOYANGXING,BENWENYIGANJUGUOSHIMIANJIDEXIANGSUBANJINGZUOWEIDULIANGBIAOZHUN,JIYUSHEXIANGJIBIAODINGDEZUIJIAPAISHEJULIWEI50~110cmLAIQUEDINGGANJUYANGBENDEXIANGSUBANJINGHEXIANGSUMIANJIBIAOZHUN。BUFENXUNLIANYANGBENSHILIRUTU3SUOSHI。


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TU 3 YANGBENDUOYANGXINGSHILI

怎么挣钱最快Fig. 3 Examples of sample diversity


1.2算法实现流程

怎么挣钱最快BENWENYISHENDUXUEXIFANGFALAIJIEJUEZIRANHUANJINGZHONGLVSEGANJUDEJIANCEWENTI,XUANZEFasterRCNNZUOWEILVSEGANJUSHIBIEMOXING,caffeZUOWEISHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIA,SHOUXIANPEIZHIcaffeDEYUNXINGHUANJING,BINGJIANGSHAIXUANCHULAIDETUXIANGSHUJUANZHAOPASCALVOC2007JIANCEBIAOZHUNJINXINGCUNCHUHEBIAOZHU,JIYUYUXUNLIANMOXINGJINXINGWEIDIAO,SHIYUXUNLIANMOXINGKEYONGYUQIUJIEBENWENDEYANJIUWENTI,SUANFALIUCHENGRUTU4SUOSHI。


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1.3MOXINGXUNLIANYUYOUHUA

怎么挣钱最快ZAIXUNLIANMOXINGYUYOUHUACANSHUZHIQIAN,XUYAOXIANQUEDINGYUXUNMOXINGYIJISUNSHIHANSHU。FasterRCNNTIGONGLE3GEYUXUNLIANHAODEMOXING,FENBIEDUIYINGXIAOXING、ZHONGXINGHEDAXINGWANGLUO,MEIGEWANGLUODOUYOUYUZHIDUIYINGDEPEIZHIWENJIAN,DANGXUYAODUICANSHUJINXINGXIUGAISHI,KEYITONGGUOPEIZHIWENJIANKUAIJIESHIXIAN。KAOLVDAOSHIYANDUIXIANGZHIYOULVSEGANJUHEBEIJING2GELEIBIE,ZONGHEKAOLVJISUANZIYUANHEJIANCEXIAOGUODENGYINSU,XUANZEZHONGXINGWANGLUOZUOWEIYUXUNLIANMOXING。FasterRCNNJIEGOUSHIYITURUTU5SUOSHI。

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1.3.1PICHULIDAXIAO

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怎么挣钱最快SUANFA1:SUIJITIDUXIAJIANG(SGD)ZAIDIkGEXUNLIANDIEDAIDEGENGXIN

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怎么挣钱最快FENXIminibatchDAXIAOYUMAPDEBIANHUAGUANXI,KEYIKANCHU,SHIYANXUANDINGDEFANWEINEI,minibatchQUDEYUEDA,MAPYEXIANGYINGSUIZHIYOUSUOTIGAO,DANMAPDEZENGLIANGBINGFEISHIminibatchXIANXINGZENGLIANG,ERSHIXIAOYUXIANXINGDE。RUminibatchCONG64ZENGJIADAO128YIJICONG128ZENGJIADAO256SHICHENGBEIDEZENGJIA,DANSHIYUZHIXIANGYINGDEMAPLIANGCIDOUZHITIGAOLEYUE2GEBAIFENDIAN。

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1.3.2XUEXISULVHEDONGLIANG

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1.4MOXINGCESHI

SHIYONGSHANGJIEDEDAODECHAOCANSHU,JIYUYUANSHIXUNLIANJI,DUIMOXINGJINXINGXUNLIANYIXUEXIMOXINGCANSHU。GAIJIEDUANSHIYONGDEXUNLIANJIWEIYUANSHISHUJUJI,MOXINGCANSHUSHIYONGXavierFANGFACHUSHIHUA,DANGJIANCEWANGLUOHERPNWANGLUODIEDAIDAO20000HE40000BUSHI,SUNSHIHANSHUZHIQUYUPINGWEN,RUTU6SUOSHIWEIFasterRCNNDI2LUNXUNLIANSHI,RPNWANGLUOHEJIANCEWANGLUODESUNSHIZHIBIANHUAQUXIAN。ZUIZHONGSUNSHIHANSHUZHIWENDINGZAI[0.1,0.2]QUJIANDELINYUNEI,MOXINGZAIYANZHENGJISHANGDEMAPWEI85.49%,SHIYONGGeForceGTX1080XIANKAYUNXINGJIANCEYIFULVSEGANJUTUXIANGDEPINGJUNSHIJIANWEI0.4s。

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TU 6  Faster RCNN XUNLIANJIEDUANSUNSHIZHIBIANHUAQINGKUANG

Fig. 6 Changing conditions of loss value in training stage of Faster RCNN


怎么挣钱最快FENXIWUCHACHUXIANDEYUANYINKENENGZAIYU:SHIYANSHUJUKAOLVLEDUOZHONGZHUANGTAIDEYANGBEN,KENENGZAIMOUXIEZHUANGTAIXIA,GANJUDETEZHENGBURUQITAZHUANGTAIMINGXIAN,BIRUNIGUANGHEYINTIANDENGTIAOJIANXIASHOUJIDAODEYANGBEN,CONGERTIGAOLECUOWUSHIBIELV。LINGYIGEKENENGYUANYINZAIYU,MOXINGDUIXIAOCHIDUDEWUTIJIANCEBUMINGAN,BIRUYUANJULIPAISHEDEGANJUTUXIANG,TUXIANGZHONGDEGANJUCHIDUJIAOXIAO,BURONGYIBEIJIANCEDAO。WEILEZHIGUANGANSHOUFasterRCNNDEJIANCEXIAOGUO,SHIYONGGAIMOXINGZAICESHITUXIANGSHANGJINXINGXIAOGUOCESHI,DEDAODEBUFENJIANCEJIEGUORUTU7SUOSHI。

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怎么挣钱最快WEILEJINYIBUYANZHENGMOXINGDEYOUXIAOXING,SHIYANXUANZEJIYUOtsuYUZHIFENGEFADECHUANTONGTUXIANGCHULIFANGFAZUOWEICANZHAO,DUIBIFasterRCNNHEOtsu2ZHONGSUANFADEJIANCEXIAOGUO。FENBIECONGTUXIANGZHONGGUOSHIGESHU、GUOSHIMIANJIBANJINGHEPAISHEDEGUANGZHAOJIAODU3GEFANGMIANJINXINGDUIBIFENXI,MEIGEFENXIBIANLIANGYOUFENBIESHEZHILE3CIDUIBISHIYAN。WEILEDUIBI2ZHONGSUANFADEJIANCEXIAOGUO,SHOUXIANXUYAODUIJIANCEXIAOGUOHEPINGJIAZHIBIAOJINXINGYUEDING。

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2.2BUTONGGUOSHIGESHUDUIBISHIYAN

怎么挣钱最快ZAISHIJIGANJUTUXIANGZHONG,WANGWANGBAOHANBUTONGGESHUDEGUOSHIDUIXIANG,DUIJIANCEZAOCHENGBUTONGDEYINGXIANG,RUZAIDANGUOTUXIANGZHONG,GUOSHIDUIXIANGYIBANBIJIAOWANZHENGQINGXI,SHIBIENANDUDI,ZAIDUOGUOTUXIANGZHONG,YOUKENENGCUNZAIGUOSHIZHANLIANSHENZHIXIANGHUZHEDANGDENGQINGKUANG,ZENGJIALEJIANCEDENANDU。YINCIBENJIEDUIBISHIYANGONGSHEZHILE3GETIDU,FENBIEWEITUXIANGZHONGJUYOU1GEGUOSHI、2~5GEGUOSHIYIJI5GEYISHANGGUOSHI,MUDESHIDUIBI2ZHONGSUANFAZAITUXIANGBAOHANBUTONGGUOSHIGESHUXIADEJIANCEXINGNENG,FENXI2ZHONGSUANFAZAINAGETIDUFANWEINEIBIAOXIANJIAOJIA。TU8WEI2ZHONGSUANFADUIHANBUTONGGESHUGUOSHITUXIANGDEJIANCEXIAOGUO。

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怎么挣钱最快TU8   2ZHONGSUANFADUIHANBUTONGGESHUGUOSHITUXIANGDEJIANCEXIAOGUO

怎么挣钱最快Fig. 8 Detection results of two algorithms on imageswith different amounts of fruits


试验首先从原始测试集中随机抽取若干幅图像,对应3个梯度进行分类,再次随机抽取直到3个梯度类别中均达到100幅图像,在每个梯度的样本中加入30幅背景图像组成该梯度的数据集。分3次从每个梯度的数据集中抽取出100幅作为试验的测试集,使用2种算法对测试集的图像进行检测,检测结果如表3所示。

ae6df815fe39a191eff105bfff5c1f2.

BIAO3ZHONGDEZONGHEJIEGUOJISUANFANGSHIWEI:JIANGMEICISHIYANDESHUJUJIYANGBENSHU、ZHENGYANGBENZONGSHU、BEIJIANCEDAODEYANGBENSHUHEBEIJIANCEDAODEZHENGYANGBENSHUFENBIEQIUHE,RANHOUCAIYONGYUMEICISHIYANXIANGTONGDEFANGFAJISUANZONGTIDEZHAOHUILV、ZHENGQUELVHEFZHI。CONGZONGHEJIEGUOLAIKAN,FasterRCNNDEJIANCEXIAOGUOYOUYUOtsu,FasterRCNNDEFZHIBIOtsuDEFZHIGAO22.24GEBAIFENDIAN,TEBIESHIDUIYUGUOSHIGESHUDAYU5DETUXIANG,FasterRCNNDEFZHIYUEWEIOtsuDE2BEI,SHUOMINGXIANGDUIYUOtsu,FasterRCNNBUJINNENGTIGAOQIDUIDANGUODEJIANCEJINGDU,ERQIENENGGOUDUIDUOGUOJINXINGJIAOJINGQUEDEJIANCE。JINGGUOFENXI,SHIYONGFasterRCNNDUOGUOSHIBIEXIAOGUOBIDANGUOSHIBIEXIAOGUOCHADEZHUYAOYUANYINSHIDUOGUOKAODETAIJINHUOCUNZAIXIANGHUZHEDANGSHI,BEISHIBIECHENGSHIYIGEGUOSHIQUYU,HUOBEIZHEDANGTAIDUODEGUOSHIMEIYOUBEISHIBIECHULAI。

怎么挣钱最快2.3BUTONGGUOSHICHICUNDUIBISHIYAN

YUBUTONGGUOSHIGESHUDEQINGKUANGLEISI,RUGUOTUXIANGZHONGDEGUOSHIBANJINGJIAODA,ZEZHIYEBEIJINGDUISHIBIEGUOCHENGDEYINGXIANGXIANGDUIJIAOXIAO,RUGUOGUOSHIBANJINGJIAOXIAO,ZEWANGWANGCHUXIANBEIZHIYEZHEDANG,NANYIJIANCEDENGQINGKUANG。YU2.2JIESHIYANFANGFAXIANGTONG,JIEHESHEXIANGJIBIAODINGDEYOUXIAOPAISHEJULI50~110cm,FENBIESHEZHILE3GECESHITIDU:BANJINGDAYU50XIANGSU,BANJINGZAI30~50XIANGSUZHIJIAN,BANJINGZAI30XIANGSUYIXIA。TU9WEI2ZHONGSUANFADUIBUTONGCHICUNGUOSHIDEJIANCEXIAOGUOTUXIANG。

怎么挣钱最快YIZHAO2.1JIEDECHOUYANGFANGFA,CONGYUANSHICESHIJIZHONGFENBIECHOUQUCHU3GETIDUDESHIYANSHUJU。DUIMEIGETIDUXIANGYINGDECESHIYANGBEN,SHIYONG2ZHONGSUANFAFENBIEJINXING3CIJIANCESHIYAN,DEDAODETONGJIJIEGUORUBIAO4SUOSHI。

怎么挣钱最快CONGBIAO4KEYIKANCHU,2ZHONGSUANFADEZUIJIAJIANCEXIAOGUOJUNCHUXIANZAIBANJINGDAYU50XIANGSUFANWEI,FasterRCNNDEFZHIWEI85.76%,BIOtsuGAOCHUYUE17GEBAIFENDIAN,TONGSHIXIANGDUIYULINGWAI2GEDUIBITIAOJIAN,2ZHONGSUANFAZAIBANJINGXIAOYU30XIANGSUDESHIYANZUZHONGJUNBIAOXIANJIAOCHA,FasterRCNNDEFZHIWEI

539a1b642175db06fd7576674e241d8.


怎么挣钱最快54.84%,OtsuDEFZHIWEI27.45%。ZONGSHANGSHUJUKEZHI,FasterRCNNDUIGUOSHIBANJINGDAYU30XIANGSUDETUXIANGDEJIANCEXIAOGUOJIAOHAO,KEYIYONGYUSHIBIEBANJINGDAYU30XIANGSUDEGUOSHI。ERFasterRCNNZAIBANJINGXIAOYU30XIANGSUDETUXIANGSHANGBIAOXIANBUZUDEKENENGYUANYINWEIYANGBENFENGFUDUBUGOU,CAIJITUXIANGSHIPAISHEDEBANJINGJIAOXIAOGUOSHITUXIANGJIAOSHAO,DAOZHIBANJINGJIAOXIAOGUOSHISHUJUJIDEYANGBENJIAOSHAO。

怎么挣钱最快2.4BUTONGGUANGZHAOJIAODUDUIBISHIYAN

怎么挣钱最快QIANLIANGZUSHIYANZHUYAOFENXILEGUOSHIGESHUHEMIANJIYINSUDUIJIANCEXIAOGUODEYINGXIANG,ZAISHIYANSHUJUZHONG,CHULEYISHANGNEIBUYINSUWAI,HAICUNZAIQITAWAIBUYINGXIANGYINSU,BIRUPAISHESHIDEGUANGZHAOJIAODU。BENJIESHIYANXUANZELECEGUANG、SHUNGUANGHENIGUANGZUOWEIYANJIUBIANLIANG,SHEJILE3GEDUIBISHIYANJINXINGFENXI。TU10WEI2ZHONGSUANFADUIBUTONGGUANGZHAOJIAODUXIAGUOSHIDEJIANCEXIAOGUO。

从图10可以看出,侧光时,果实与枝叶的颜色相近,但纹理差异较明显,在顺光条件下,果实和枝叶的局部表面亮度增强,部分遮挡的枝叶会在果实表面留有阴影,在逆光条件下,果实与枝叶的亮度均变暗,颜色与纹理差异均不明显。试验使用与2.2节相同的方法,针对3种光照角度,通过重复随机抽样采集了3组测试集,使用2种算法对每组测试集分别进行3次检测试验,统计结果如表5所示。

e707693365483bc7f03a5067128b073.


6f5a773ad4eadfee98ff062ed30b18d.


CONGBIAO5KEYIKANCHU,BUTONGGUANGZHAOXIAOtsuSUANFADEJIANCEXIAOGUOJUNDIYUFasterRCNN,TONGSHILIANGZHONGJIANCESUANFADEJIANCEXIAOGUOZAICEGUANGTIAOJIANXIADADAOZUIJIA,ZAINIGUANGSHILIANGZHONGSUANFADEJIANCEXIAOGUOZUICHA,JINGGUOFENXIDAOZHINIGUANGTIAOJIANXIAJIANCEXIAOGUOCHADEYUANYINWEI:NIGUANGTIAOJIANXIA,GUOSHIHESHUYEZAITUXIANGZHONGXIANXIANDEHUIDUJUNHENDI,BIANYUANMEIYOUMINGXIANDETIDU,WENLITEZHENGYEBEIRUOHUA,DADAZENGJIALEGAITIAOJIANXIADEJIANCENANDU。ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,3ZUDUIBISHIYANZHENGMINGLEJIYUFasterRCNNSUANFAJINXINGLVSEGANJUJIANCEDEYOUXIAOXING,SHIYANJIEGUOBIAOMING,FasterRCNNSUANFABUJINSHIYONGYUDANGUODEJIANCE,DUIYUDUOGUODEJIANCEJINGDUYEJIAOGAO,KEYONGYUGUOYUANCAIZHAIJIQIRENDEDINGWEIJIANCE,TONGSHI,SHIYONGYUDUIZHONGXIAOMIANJIBANJINGDEGUOSHIDEJIANCE,KEYONGYUZHONGXIAOXINGGUOYUANDECHANLIANGYUGU。

3JIELUN

怎么挣钱最快(1)TICHULEYIZHONGJIYUFasterRCNNDELVSEGANJU15DI4QIXIONGJUNTAODENG:ZIRANHUANJINGXIALVSEGANJUSHIJUEJIANCEJISHUYANJIUSHIJUEJIANCEFANGFA,JIYUFasterRCNNSHENDUKUANGJIA,JIEHEZIRANHUANJINGLVSEGANJUDEYANSETEZHENG,TONGGUODUOCIMOXINGDECANSHUDIAOZHENG,QUEDINGLESHIYONGYULVSEGANJUJIANCEDEXUEXISULV、PICHULIDAXIAOHEDONGLIANGXISHU,ZUIZHONGXUNLIANDEDAODEMOXINGZAIYANZHENGJISHANGDEMAPWEI85.49%,JIANCEYIFUTUXIANGDEPINGJUNYUNXINGSHIJIANWEI0.4s,MANZUSHISHIJIANCEDEYAOQIU。

(2)WEILEYANZHENGGAIFANGFADEYOUXIAOXINGHEKEXINGXING,SHEJILE3ZHONGTIAOJIANXIADEDUIBISHIYAN,CONGTUXIANGZHONGGANJUDEGESHU、GANJUDEBANJINGHEZIRANHUANJINGXIAPAISHEGANJUTUXIANGDEGUANGZHAOJIAODU3FANGMIANJINXINGFasterRCNNJIANCEGANJUDEXIAOGUOFENXI,YUOtsuJIANCEJIEGUOJINXINGDUIBIFENXI,FasterRCNNJUYOUJIAOGAODEFANHUAXINGNENGYIJIJIANCEJINGDU。